Byzantine chant at Holy Cross and CD Review — All Creation Trembled: Orthodox Hymns of the Passion Service

This has been a ridiculous semester on multiple fronts. I have been assisting with a course where there has been a constant cascade of homework to be graded pouring on top of my head, plus I’ve been trying to write a dissertation, plus I have a child I’m trying to rear, plus I’ve had extracurricular activities, plus I’ve got a 1:15 commute to church on Sunday I didn’t have a year ago, plus I have a spouse dealing with all of exactly the same things. Too much fun.

It is an exciting time for Byzantine chant in the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese; the Archdiocesan School of Byzantine Music just performed an invited concert at Agia Irini Church in Constantinople, Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology recently unveiled their Certificate in Byzantine Music, and they also released a new CD, All Creation Trembled: Orthodox Hymns of the Passion Service, recorded by their new full-time professor of Byzantine music Dr. Grammenos Karanos and his students.

As somebody who has been fortunate enough on a small handful of occasions to attend services in the Holy Cross chapel, I can happily tell you that All Creation Trembled is a pretty accurate snapshot of at least the aural experience of the chapel. The students chant in antiphonal choirs, often divided by language (while not represented on this disc, Thursday evenings have of late been dubbed “Antiochian night”, where the Antiochian seminarians get the right choir and chant in Arabic, while the left choir gets Greek.) They do so from classically composed scores in Byzantine notation, in both Greek and English, and they do so under the expert direction of Dr. Karanos, who functions as the protopsaltis (first cantor) of the chapel. At the same time, they have also in the last few years had a group of particularly strong students to help, especially John Michael Boyer, who has been the lampadarios (director of the left choir) of the chapel for the last couple of years, and Rassem El Massih, a Lebanese-born seminarian who studied Byzantine chant with Fr. Nicholas Malek at the Balamand before emigrating to the United States. Other standouts, at least when I’ve been there, have included Niko Tzetzis, Gabe Cremeens, Andreas Houpos, and Peter Kostakis (and others — forgive me if I’m blanking on a couple of names).

The disc’s repertoire is hymnody from Holy Week, specifically from the Matins for Holy Friday (sung on the evening of Holy Thursday), and it is about 50/50 Greek and English. The English scores, composed by Boyer, employ the translations of Archimandrite Ephrem (Lash), occasionally modified by Boyer for metrical purposes. The recording quality is very clean, and the singing is robust and clear throughout, with an ensemble sound never dominated by one voice. This in particular is a point I want to praise; the recording could have very easily become “The Karanos/Boyer/El Massih Liturgical Variety Hour”, and it never goes there; even Karanos himself is only heard a couple of times as a soloist. A sense of the chapel choir as, above all, a liturgical ensemble is always maintained, with everything they sing and how they sing it dictated by liturgical concerns. The result is well-balanced and it sounds wonderful. If it is not quite professional-level — some background noise creeps in, and sometimes it sounds like the microphones are not quite optimally placed — well, it’s still an excellent entry in the category of American recordings of Byzantine chant, and it still captures the moment very well, a moment that represents a revitalized program in its early days, one that is starting to have an impact elsewhere — El Massih is now teaching Byzantine chant at St. Vladimir’s Seminary, for example, and that can only be for the good. If this can be taken as a statement of intent on Dr. Karanos’ part, then the future is encouraging.

The Certificate program also suggests an encouraging future; it’s intended to be the equivalent of a conservatory program in Greece, and it looks like it’s pretty comprehensive. I know one person who was going through a try-out version of it, and it sounds like it would be well worth the two years. One hopes that eventually there might be some financial assistance available for students who would want to go through such a program but aren’t there for M.Div. work. I would also very much like to see the program replicated elsewhere (I’ve discussed my own curriculum proposal elsewhere); if I have any particular critique of all of these efforts, it is that they are ultimately inaccessible for those of us not in the Northeast. I would have no problem with the Northeast functioning as a central location for a network of programs, but access to this training and to these kinds of opportunities needs to be geographically more spread out than it is. In the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese alone, there’s no reason there couldn’t be a formal training program and Byzantine choir in every Metropolis (although color me skeptical about attempts to do this kind of thing online as a normative approach — I can’t imagine any of my voice lessons from the old days going well if done that way).

I leave you with the video of the Archdiocesan School’s concert at Agia Irini. Enjoy.


11 Responses to “Byzantine chant at Holy Cross and CD Review — <i>All Creation Trembled: Orthodox Hymns of the Passion Service</i>”

  1. 1 Niko Tzetzis 10 December 2013 at 9:48 pm

    Thank you so much for your kind words. It truly is an incredible time for Byzantine Music, the Orthodox Church, and Orthodox Christians in this country.

  2. 3 Amy Hogg 11 December 2013 at 11:26 am

    You make no mention of women voices on the Holy Cross CD. Since I know there are women there studying chant, I am curious if they are on the CD. I feel the need for more good models of women chanting in English. Also, do you have any more info regarding the youth choir associated with the Archdiocesan School of Byzantine Music? I only saw pictures of them on the website– no info. Thanks!

    • 4 Richard Barrett 11 December 2013 at 1:05 pm

      Hi Amy — Thanks for stopping by! I am not sure that, at present, there is a critical mass of women’s voices at HCHC to make up a choir, although, as you say, there are women in Dr. Karanos’ classes, and a woman was the guinea pig for the Certificate program. I believe that Dr. Karanos intends several more recordings, and hopefully as he gets more women that will be something he will able to do.

      I don’t personally have more info on the ASBM youth choir — yet. I’ll see what I can find out.

    • 5 Josh Cole 11 December 2013 at 3:20 pm

      Hi Amy,
      We also recorded the St. Kassia Byzantine choir of all women’s voices that weekend, but have not released that recording yet.

      Stay tuned!

      Josh Cole
      Manager of Marketing and Communications, Hellenic College Holy Cross

  3. 6 Josh Cole 11 December 2013 at 3:20 pm

    Hi Richard,
    Thank you so much for the review. I just want to give you a little background on the production and why I am so pleased to hear you say “I can happily tell you that All Creation Trembled is a pretty accurate snapshot of at least the aural experience of the chapel.”

    Our approach to the recording was meant to capture the interior of the chapel in a hyper-realistic way. The production decisions to not do a lot of isolation and close miking is meant to present the music as it would sound in a worship setting, which as you noted is a real strength of our community and in this little chapel.

    So, for instance, there is a point when the Priest is walking around and censing with the silent censor. We wanted the listener to feel him as he got further and then closer. The producer we worked with and the gear he selected is not only professional, but top of the line.

    We consciously decided to try to capture the amazing work of this choir as is, and they pulled this off in two days of the very week when our community was devastated by the bombings in Boston. These men even went to their parish assignments and chanted the liturgy before a full two days of recording!

    The bell tolls you hear at the beginning are tolling for the one week remembrance of the victims. We didn’t bring the mic to the bells, we opened up the chapel doors and let the sound fill the space and captured it as respectfully as we could.

    Josh Cole
    Manager of Marketing and Communications, Hellenic College Holy Cross

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